White Card Safety documentation for Construction Workplace
When you complete your White Card course you will review the different WHS documents at your workplace. They generally do two things: provide you within information about health and safety, and provide a way for hazards, incidents, injuries etc to be reported.
Here are some examples:
- Construction documentation and plans These provide important detail about construction specifications and design. They include excavation plan and emergency information contact details.
- Safe work method statements These statements provide agreed information to all staff in a work group on safe work practices. They are developed only after a full risk assessment has been completed and after all reasonable practicable risk control measures have been put into place.
- Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and Labels SDS exist for materials that are hazardous. The sheets are supplied by the manufacturer or product supplier. They identify how the materials should be handled. A SDS covers health, handling, ingredients and first aid, safe handling and storage requirements. You should have ready and visible access to them and always check them before product use. You should also check product label for additional information.
- Job Safety Analyses (JSA) A JSA is a detailed and systematic written record of a job process. A job approach is analysed or studied to look at the activity, the hazards involved, and any controls which will be needed. JSAs also list the people who are responsible for conducting activities and the process that needs to be followed. They are most important for high risk tasks.
- Accident, incident and injury reports and proformas These are the forms on which you should write any workplace injuries incidents or accidents. They need to be processed correctly and given to the appropriate person (such as your supervisor or WHS representative). This usually needs to be done within a specified timeframe (you may need to check this – it will probably vary depending on the type of report, and procedures for reporting at your work site).
- Report of dangerous occurrences or near misses Dangerous occurrences and near misses do not cause injury, but may be a big risk to people or property, for example collapse or failure of a building or structure, electrical short circuit etc. These must be reported promptly to the correct authority. You will need to check which proformas need to be used, who the report should go to, and the timeframe for reporting. Again, this might vary from site to site.
- Risk assessments A risk assessment will list the factors which have contributed to a risk in a particular task or job. It will also provide a review of health and safety information available and evaluate the likelihood and severity of injury or illness. It will also identify actions to control or eliminate the risk, and requirements for keeping records. Site Safety Inspections can assist in identifying risk and all details are documented in a Site Safety Inspection Report